The oil and gas industry employs hundreds of thousands of people and is a vital component of the international economy. However, it can be a very dangerous profession. According to the Bureau of Labor and Industries, from 2003 to 2010, 823 oil and gas extraction workers were killed on the job-a fatality rate seven times greater than the rate for all United States industries. This course can be used as a resource in helping to identify oil and gas rig hazards and providing possible solutions.
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The oil and gas well drilling and servicing industry was born in the United States in 1859 when the Drake Well outside Titusville, PA first struck oil. Since then, this industry has evolved to become a vital part of the petroleum industry.
The oil and gas industry employs hundreds of thousands of people and is a vital component of the national economy. More than 450,000 workers were employed in the oil and gas industries in 2011 (Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages). These workers are engaged in many different industrial processes needed to successfully drill and service a well. These processes frequently require the use of specialized equipment and specialized work crews.
From 2003 to 2010, 823 oil and gas extraction workers were killed on the job–a fatality rate seven times greater than the rate for all U.S. industries (Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries). Safety and health hazards and dangerous conditions that can result in fatalities for oil and gas workers include:
Each drilling and servicing company has its own safety program. This course is not a replacement for those programs nor does it establish any industry consensus standards. Rather, this course can be used as a resource in helping to identify oil and gas rig hazards and providing possible solutions. This course does not purport to identify all hazards and solutions. This course focuses on land based operations.
Employers must protect the safety and health of workers involved in oil and gas operations according to:
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Course 902 Study Guide. You can save this study guide to your computer for offline studying, or print the study guide if you prefer.
1. Dept. of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (2014). Oil and Gas Well Drilling and Servicing eTool. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/oilgaswelldrilling/otherresources.html
2. American Petroleum Institute (2014). Guidance Document for the Development of a Safety and Environmental Management System for Onshore Oil and Natural Gas Production Operations and Associated Activities. Retrieved from:http://www.api.org/
3. Bureau of Land Management (2014). Public Lands: Interior. Retrieved from: www.blm.gov/pgdata/etc/medialib/blm/mt/blm_programs/energy/oil_and_gas/policy/cfr3160.Par.28656.File.dat/cfr3160.pdf