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Course 833 - Developing a Construction Safety Management System

Safety guides and audits to make your job as a safety professional easier

3D Process: Develop

Develop the CSMS Components

Develop, Deploy, Design Image

Now that you have the basic design of the CSMS completed, it’s time to get down to the nitty-gritty by completing the "6-Ps". Yes, another acronym! Using the 6-P development model, we can systematically complete the following components:

Plans, Programs, Policies, Processes, Procedures and Practices.

In most instances, a safety professional will be responsible to assist others, but it’s important to understand that development of the CSMS should not be a "one person show" – others, from top management, to employees should be involved in the development phase.

The outcome of the development phase is a formal comprehensive written CSMS Plan containing all components of the CSMS. This will serve as the primary document that everyone at all levels in the company will use to help them fulfill their own safety responsibilities.

The CSMS Written Plan

One of the most important end-results of the design and development phases when creating a CSMS is the written plan. This is the formal document that contains all of the important information needed to deploy the CSMS.

It’s important to note that you will not only write a plan for the overall CSMS, but you'll need to write a plan for each of the various programs within the CSMS as well. OK, this might be a little confusing, and even the language can get you tied up, so let’s define a couple of terms:

The CSMS will also contain many programs and each program will require a more narrowly-focused plan.
The CSMS will also contain many programs and each program will require a more narrowly-focused plan.

Plan vs. Program

One of the most important end-results of the design and development phases when creating a CSMS is the written plan. This is the formal document that contains all of the important information needed to deploy the CSMS.

Plans Within Plans

The CSMS and each program within the CSMS should contain at least the following components:

  • vision and mission statements,
  • goals and objectives,
  • roles and responsibilities (R&R), and
  • programs, policies, processes, procedures, and practices.

Last, but not least, a "formal" CSMS plan should be written, approved, and signed by top management. We'll discuss each of these components of the written plan below.

CSMS Program

A safety "program" may be thought of as a plan of action to accomplish a safety objective. The safety program will give specific details on:

  • The task or work to be done. For example, a task described within the Fall Protection Program might be to conduct a routine inspection of fall protection equipment.
  • The person or group responsible. Usually this would be the person or group performing the hazardous procedure or work practice.
  • When the hazardous procedure or practice is to be done. For instance, a safety inspection program might specify that an inspection must be completed before and after each use of the fall protection equipment.
  • The means or resources used to accomplish the task or work. A worker might use a magnifying glass to look for tiny cracks in the fall protection metal parts or tears in the fabric.

An effective safety program is designed around the processes, procedures, and practices normally assigned to employees and integrates safety-related decisions and precautions into them.

Sample Program Responsibilities

Now let’s look at a few examples of OSHA-required responsibilities you will most likely need to include in your CSMS.

Hazard Identification and Control Program

Employer responsibilities under this program include:

  • Evaluate operations, procedures, facilities, and equipment to identify hazards
  • Monitor exposure levels
  • Ensure regular safety and health inspections
  • Conduct accident investigations
  • Determine the need for engineering controls, administrative controls, or personnel protective equipment
  • Ensure machines and tools are in safe working order and in compliance with relevant standards
  • Institute engineering and work practice controls to eliminate health hazards
  • Perform housekeeping to remove hazards posed by scrap and debris in work areas
  • Provide appropriate personal protective equipment when other controls are infeasible
  • Guarantee safe means of egress

Emergency Response Program

Employer responsibilities under this program include:

  • Develop emergency response plans
  • Develop fire prevention and protection programs

Sample Program Responsibilities (continued...)

First Aid and Medical Program

  • Provide medical services, first aid treatment, and supplies.
  • Ensure availability of emergency rescue for injured employees.
  • Post emergency numbers for physicians, hospitals, or ambulances.

Training Program

  • Train employees to recognize hazards.
  • Train workers to recognize and avoid unsafe conditions.
  • Provide training on safe work practices and applicable standards.
  • Provide training on safe operation of equipment and machinery.
  • Provide training on hazards of access ladders and stairways.
  • Provide training on confined and enclosed space entry hazards and precautions.

VIDEO

Instructions

Before beginning this quiz, we highly recommend you review the module material. This quiz is designed to allow you to self-check your comprehension of the module content, but only focuses on key concepts and ideas.

Read each question carefully. Select the best answer, even if more than one answer seems possible. When done, click on the "Get Quiz Answers" button. If you do not answer all the questions, you will receive an error message.

Good luck!

1. What is one of the most important end-results of the development phase when creating a CSMS?

2. Which of the following may be thought of as a plan of action to accomplish a safety objective?

3. An effective safety program will give specific details on each of the following EXCEPT _____.

4. According to the text, a well-written corporate CSMS plan contains all of the important information needed to _____ the CSMS.

5. The formal CSMS plan should be written, approved, and signed by _____.


Have a safe day!

Important! You will receive an "error" message unless all questions are answered.