Nearly 6.5 million people work at approximately 252,000 construction sites across the nation on any given day. The fatal injury rate for the construction industry is higher than the national average in this category for all industries.
For any part of the contract work, contractors or subcontractors cannot require any laborer or mechanic employed in the performance of the contract to work in surroundings or under working conditions that are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to their health or safety.
Potential Hazards for workers in construction include the following:
For construction, the 10 OSHA standards most frequently included in the agency's citations in FY 2014 were:
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1. Construction Industry, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/doc/index.html
2. Safety and Health Topics - Scaffolding, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/scaffolding/index.html
3. Safety and Health Topics – Walking/Working Surfaces, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/walkingworkingsurfaces/index.htm
4. Portable Ladder eTool, Cal/OSHA. Retrieved from: http://www.dir.ca.gov/dosh/etools/08-001/index.htm
5. Safety and Health Topics – Electrical, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/electrical/index.html
6. Excavations – Safe Practices for Small Business Owners and Contractors, OR-OSHA Publication 2174 (April 2013). Retrieved from: http://www.orosha.org/pdf/pubs/2174.pdf
7. Safety and Health Topics – Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/cranehoistsafety/index.html
8. Safety and Health Topics – Powered Industrial Trucks, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/poweredindustrialtrucks/index.html
9. Training and Educating Forklift Operators, OR-OSHA Resource Newsletter (April 2014). Retrieved from: http://www.orosha.org/resource-newsletter/2014/04/Feat02.html#.VFKfxhauQw0
10. Forklift Safety Guide, Washington DOSH Publication F417-031-000 (April 2007). Retrieved from: http://www.lni.wa.gov/IPUB/417-031-000.pdf
11. Training and Educating Forklift Operators, OR-OSHA Resource Newsletter (April 2014). Retrieved from: http://www.orosha.org/resource-newsletter/2014/04/Feat02.html#.VFKfxhauQw0
12. Health Hazards in Construction, OSHA (2009). Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy09/sh-19495-09.html
13. Health Hazards in Construction, Washington State Dept. of Labor and Industries, DOSH (2011). Retrieved from: wisha-training.lni.wa.gov/training/presentations/HealthHaz.pps
14. Personal Protective Equipment, OSHA (2003). Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3151.html
15. Personal Protective Equipment – Insulating Gloves and Sleeves, CAL-OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/electric_power/ppe_insulatinggloves_sleeves.html
16. Safety and Health Topics – Respiratory Protection, OSHA. Retrieved from: https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/respiratoryprotection/standards.html