Worksite Analysis is a combination of systematic actions to provide you with the information you need to recognize and understand the hazards and potential hazards of your workplace.
When planning for a construction worksite analysis, be sure to conduct comprehensive worksite surveys to establish safety and health hazard inventories and update them periodically as changes occur. Analyze planned and new facilities, processes, materials, and equipment; and perform routine hazard analysis of jobs, processes and/or varied phases of work, as needed.
Other important activities to perform when conducting worksite analysis include:
A comprehensive baseline survey should include a review of previous accidents, injuries, and illnesses; complaints; previous studies; etc. Comprehensive surveys should be performed depending on the business size and nature of the hazards at least every three years by private consultants, insurance company, and/or state-funded programs.
The baseline survey should include a review of the following:
As part of the worksite analysis process, the employer/general contractor should also require subcontractors to perform a baseline analysis as necessary in accordance with OSHA and company requirements. The subcontractors should share pertinent information with the general contractor, and/or other subcontractors.
As you know, change is continuous on a construction worksite. Change analysis is simply the management of that change, conducted by competent persons, to make sure it does not introduce new hazards or unsafe procedures in the work environment.
A designated person should analyze how changes on the worksite can affect equipment, processes, and materials for hazards and potential hazards. Findings should be documented and plans developed to minimize or design out the new hazards.
Changes in the following categories need to be reviewed:
To more specifically analyze how changes worksite layout, materials, processes and equipment, affect the work being conducted, include the following examples in your analysis:
A Job Hazard Analysis is a good technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards and unsafe practices before they cause injuries or illnesses. It focuses on the relationship among the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.
A JHA should be conducted for all hazardous jobs/procedures to determine potential hazards and identify methods to reduce exposure to those hazards at construction worksites. Here are the steps in a basic JHA:
Click here to see a sample JHA.
You can learn more about conducting a JHA in Course 706.
Safety inspections are the best understood and most frequently used tool to assess the workplace for hazards. The term "inspection" means a general walk-around examination of every part of the worksite to locate conditions that do not comply with safety standards. Safety inspection reports of potential hazards can be an effective tool to trigger a closer look at how work is being performed.
There are many positive reasons for conducting safety inspections, including:
Be careful you don't suffer from "tunnel vision" when conducting the safety inspection. When you have tunnel vision, you focus on identifying hazards, but miss unsafe work practices occurring around you. Since most accidents are primarily the result of unsafe behaviors, it makes sense to take the time needed to observe work being done as you conduct the inspection. You can read more about conducting effective safety inspections in Course 704, Hazard Analysis and Control.
The following is a list of topics relevant to worksite analysis by identifying worksite hazards:
When conducting the worksite analysis, it's important to look for hazards that are generally recognized within the construction industry. Recognized hazards are generally foreseeable on the worksite OSHA will require that these hazards are properly eliminated or controlled.
As described in OSHA's Field Operations Manual, recognition of a hazard is established on the basis of industry recognition, employer recognition, or "common sense" recognition criteria.