Review your healthcare facility's historical injury records for STF incidents. Obtain and check copies of workers' compensation claims, incident reports, first reports of employee injury, OSHA and/or occupational health nurse logs.
Read the narrative descriptions of the incidents to identify what types of STFs are most common in your healthcare facility and to identify specific locations where multiple STFs or "injury hot spots" may have happened over the years. When a STF incident occurs, carefully examine the circumstances of the incident to see where prevention measures can be implemented.
You must manage the health and safety risks in your workplace. To do this you need to decide whether you are doing enough to prevent harm. This process is known as a risk assessment and it is something you are required by law to carry out.
A risk assessment is not about creating huge amounts of paperwork, but rather about taking sensible measures to control the risks in your workplace (for example using doormats to stop rainwater being tracked in and making the floor slippery.)
You are probably already taking steps to protect your employees, but your risk assessment will tell you whether you should be doing more. Consider what risks in your workplace may lead to slip or trip injuries, and decide what suitable and effective control measures will prevent these types of accidents.
You then need to put these control measures into practice. Concentrate on the real risks – those that are most likely to cause harm. Think about how accidents could happen and who might be harmed. You can do this in the following ways:
One of the best things you can do to prevent future FTS accidents is to make a record of your significant findings and what you have in place to prevent them. The hazards you have found should be photographed, described, and kept on file so changes can be made and documented.
All healthcare facility employees are at risk, therefore, all employees should be trained on how to recognize STF hazards, and be involved in the development and implementation of prevention strategies.
It is important to have written housekeeping procedures that require all employees (including direct patient care staff such as nurses) to immediately report spills/snow/ice etc. to initiate a prompt response by the housekeeping or facilities departments.
Below are some important things to remember increase employee awareness and involvement:
When employees know the causes of slips and falls and understand the technical components including types of flooring and types of treatments, they too can help to recognize, evaluate, and control hazards.
In 2008, a National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) study found that when implementing a slip, trip, and fall prevention program, it reduces STF injuries and workers’ compensation claims.
Elements of a slip, trip, and fall prevention program should include:
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