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Confined Space Training Requirements

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Confined space training must include be hands-on practice.


Employers should provide training, so all employees required to perform confined space operations acquire the understanding, knowledge, and skills necessary for the safe performance of their duties in confined spaces.

Rescue team members also require training in CPR and first aid. Employers must certify that this training has been provided.

After completion of training, the employer must keep a record of employee training and make it available for inspection by employees and their authorized representatives. The record must include the employee's name, the trainer's signature or initials and dates of the training.

Employers should provide training to each employee who wishes to enter a confined space:

  • before the employee starts work;
  • before there is a change in assigned duties;
  • whenever there is a change in permit space operations that presents a hazard about which an employee has not previously been trained;
  • whenever the employer finds changes in the permit space entry procedures;
  • or there are inadequacies in the employee's knowledge.

1. Confined space training is required for all entrants in each of the following situations EXCEPT _____.

a. before there is a change in assigned duties
b. a change in the number of team members
c. before the employee starts work
d. whenever a change presents a new hazard within the confined space

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General Training Topics

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Respiratory protection is another important confined space training topic.

All employees who will enter confined spaces must be trained in entry procedures. Personnel responsible for supervising, planning, entering, or participating in confined space entry and rescue must be trained in their duties before any confined space entry.

Training should include:

  • Explanation of the general hazards associated with confined spaces;
  • Discussion of specific confined space hazards associated with the facility, location or operation;
  • Reason for, proper use, and limitations of PPE and other safety equipment required for entry into confined spaces;
  • Explanation of permits and other procedural requirements for conducting a confined space entry;
  • A clear understanding of what conditions would prohibit entry;
  • How to respond to emergencies;
  • Duties and responsibilities as a member of the confined space entry team; and
  • Description of how to recognize (1) symptoms of overexposure to probable air contaminants in themselves and co-workers, and (2) methods for alerting Attendants.

Employers should conduct refresher training to maintain employee competence in entry procedures and precautions. If employees do not enter a confined space at least annually to perform work for an extended period of time, they should be provided an opportunity to practice entry procedures.

2. Employees should receive refresher training and practice on entry procedures if they do not enter a confined space and perform work _____.

a. monthly
b. at least quarterly
c. less than twice a year
d. at least annually

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Get trained on the specific confined space and equipment.

Specific Training

The entry team members responsible for monitoring confined space atmospheres should receive training on the specific type of confined space they will be entering.

Entry team members should also get training on proper use of specific monitoring and testing instruments. Training should include appropriate use of monitoring instruments such as:

  • adequate use of the equipment
  • knowledge of calibration
  • knowledge of sampling strategies and techniques

Training should include the following:

  • procedures for summoning rescue or other emergency services
  • proper utilization of equipment used for communicating with entry and emergency/rescue personnel

3. Confined space team members need to be trained to do all of the following EXCEPT _____.

a. how to calibrate testing and monitoring equipment
b. the OSHA penalty structure related to confined spaces
c. how to summon rescue and other services
d. the use of communications equipment

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Training rescue personnel takes a lot of practice.

Training for Emergency Response Personnel

Training should include:

  • rescue plan and procedures developed for each type of confined space employees are anticipated to encounter
  • use of emergency rescue equipment
  • first aid and CPR techniques
  • work location and confined space configuration to minimize response time

4. To minimize response time, confined space rescue team members need to be trained on _____.

a. the work location and confined space configuration
b. testing criteria for permit-required confined spaces
c. confined space program requirements
d. monitoring areas around the confined space

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