Stairways and ladders are a major source of injuries and fatalities among workers.
According to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics (2012), 14 percent of all work-related deaths are due to falls, with 20 percent of these deaths being related to the use of ladders.>
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates there are more than 24,000 injuries and as many as 36 fatalities per year due to falls from stairways and ladders used in construction. Nearly half of these fall-related injuries are serious enough to require time off the job.
These statistics are a sobering reminder of the dangers faced when work on or around ladders and stairways. More importantly, most, if not all, of these injuries and deaths could have been prevented.
This course is designed to provide both employers and employees with the knowledge needed to work safely on stairways and ladders.
To begin your training, click on the module links below. If you are just starting this course, you should start with module 1.
After studying the course material and answering the quiz questions, it is time to take the final exam. We highly recommend answering the module quiz questions to check your understanding of the course material. The final exam questions are typically developed from these quiz questions.
OSHAcademy course final exams are designed to make sure students have gained a sufficient understanding of the content covered within each course. To help demonstrate this understanding, students must achieve a passing score on course final exams. It is OSHAcademy's policy to protect the integrity of our exams: as a result, we do not provide missed questions to students.
This is an open book exam. Students are permitted to use a separate browser window to review course content while taking the exam. If you do not pass a final exam, you will see a "Retake Exam" button next to the course on your student dashboard.
If you have already paid for certificates, your exam score will be displayed on your student dashboard after successfully passing the final exam. If you chose PDF certificates, you can view and print your certificate and personal transcript from your student dashboard. If you chose original printed documents, they will be prepared and mailed to the address in your student account.
OSHAcademy provides free access to all training materials, including course modules, practice quizzes, exercises, and final exams. However, exam scores, certificates, and transcripts are provided only if you purchase a certificate package to document your training. If you do not require official training documentation, we will archive your exam results should you decide to purchase official certificates later.
Please login to your student dashboard to access and download this FREE course PDF studyguide. You can save this study guide to your computer for offline studying, or print the study guide if you prefer.Student Login
cleat — a ladder crosspiece of rectangular cross section placed on edge upon which a person may step while ascending or descending a ladder.
double-cleat ladder — a ladder with a center rail to allow simultaneous two-way traffic for employees ascending or descending.
failure — Load refusal, breakage or separation of components.
fixed ladder — a ladder that cannot be readily moved or carried because it is an integral part of a building or structure.
handrail — a rail used to provide employees with a handhold for support.
job-made ladder — a ladder that is fabricated by employees, typically at the construction site; non-commercially manufactured.
load refusal — the point where the structural members lose their ability to carry the load.
point of access — all areas used by employees for work-related passage from one area or level to another.
portable ladder — a ladder that can be readily moved or carried.
riser height — the vertical distance from the top of a tread or platform/landing to the top of the next higher tread or platform/landing.
side-step fixed ladder — a fixed ladder that requires a person to get off at the top to step to the side of the ladder side rails to reach the landing.
single-cleat ladder — a ladder consisting of a pair of side rails connected together by cleats, rungs or steps.
stair rail system — a vertical barrier erected along the unprotected sides and edges of a stairway to prevent employees from falling to lower levels.
temporary service stairway — a stairway where permanent treads and/or landings are to be filled in at a later date.
tread depth — the horizontal distance from front to back of a tread, excluding nosing, if any.